|1.||[ noun ] a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality|
|Synonyms:||finish polish culture cultivation|
"he performed with great polish" "I admired the exquisite refinement of his prose" "almost an inspiration which gives to all work that finish which is almost art"--Conrad
|Related terms:||perfection educate polish|
|2.||[ noun ] the result of improving something|
"he described a refinement of this technique"
|Related terms:||improvement complicate|
|3.||[ noun ] the process of removing impurities from oil or metals or sugar|
|Related terms:||processing rectification purify refine|
|4.||[ noun ] a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude|
|Synonyms:||nuance shade subtlety nicety|
"without understanding the finer nuances you can't enjoy the humor" "don't argue about shades of meaning"
|Related terms:||meaning refine|
|5.||[ noun ] the quality of excellence in thought and manners and taste|
"a man of intellectual refinement" "he is remembered for his generosity and civilization"
|Related terms:||excellence educate|
|6.||[ noun ] elegance by virtue of fineness of manner and expression|
|Synonyms:||breeding gentility genteelness|