|1.||[ adjective ] more than is needed, desired, or required|
|Synonyms:||surplus extra excess spare superfluous supernumerary supererogatory|
"trying to lose excess weight" "found some extra change" "another book on heraldry might be thought redundant" "sleeping in the spare room" "supernumerary ornamentation" "delete superfluous words"
|2.||[ adjective ] use of more words than required to express an idea|
"a wordy gossipy account of a simple incident" "a redundant text crammed with amplifications of the obvious"
|3.||[ adjective ] repetition of same sense in different words|
|Synonyms:||tautologic tautological pleonastic|
"`a true fact' and `a free gift' are pleonastic expressions" "the phrase `a beginner who has just started' is tautological" "at the risk of being redundant I return to my original proposition"- J.B.Conant